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APA 7th Guide: Database Specific Formatting

Citing ChatGPT

Reference entry: 

OpenAI. (2023). ChatGPT (Mar 14 version) [Large language model].

Note: The “version” in the reference entry is the date that ChatGPT was used for that entry.  Abbreviate the month and list the day/date that ChatGPT was used. 

In-text citations:  

Parenthetical citation: (OpenAI, 2023)

The ChatGPT entry suggested the use of the word profound more than once, but I felt it was excessive (OpenAI, 2023). 

Narrative citation: OpenAI (2023)

In some cases, OpenAI (2023) used words that are not in my normal vocabulary and I had to look them up in the dictionary, the context of the sentence was not enough. 

Database Specific Formatting


Cite topics as a chapter in the book UpToDate, edited by the article's deputy editor(s), and the date of retrieval.

Author, In. In. (current year). Section title. UpToDate. Retrieved Month Day, Year from

Hunter, A. A., & Simmons, B. P. (2021). Surgery for carpal tunnel syndrome. UpToDate. Retrieved July 12, 2021 from



Cite the original source. Use the bibliography tool located at the bottom of each section to find the citation information. Use the chapter author's as the authors.

Chapter example from DeLisa's Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation:

Freeman, J. A., Alcott, S. B., Derian, A. G., Bailey, C. H. (Ed.). (2020). Clinical evaluation. In W. Frontera (Ed.), DeLisa's Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation: Principles and Practice (6th ed.). McGraw-Hill.

Chapter example from The 5-Minute Clinical Consult:

Javvaji, C., & Cerny, J. (2020). Hypercalcemia associated with malignancy. In F.J. Domino (Ed.), The 5-minute clinical consult (28th ed.). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Health.


Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 

Author, In. In. (year). Title of review. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

Cooney, G. M., Dwan, K., Greig, C. A., Lawlor, D. A., Rimer, J., Waugh, F. R., McMurdo, M., Mead, G. E. (2013). Exercise for depression. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 



Drug name. (Current Year). Micromedex (electronic version). Retrieved month day, year from

Amoxicillin. (2019). Micromedex (electronic version). Retrieved January 30, 2019 from



Drug name. (Current Year). Lexicomp. Retrieved month day, year from

Amoxicillin. (2020). Lexicomp. Retrieved January 30, 2020 from