Skip to Main Content

AMA Guide - 11th Edition: Database Specific Formatting

Explicit instructions for paper format are not given in the AMA manual because publishers provide specific requirements for submitted manuscripts. These research paper format guidelines have been chosen by faculty for South College students, and can be found in the official South College AMA Style Guide. 

Note: Your instructor may have specific or additional requirements not listed in this guide.

Databases with Specific Formatting Recommendations


UpToDate states to cite topics as a chapter in the book UpToDate, edited by the article's deputy editor(s), and the date of retrieval. While UpToDate does not include the URL at the end of the citation, the AMA Manual recommends including it. 

Author InIn. Section title. UpToDate; most recent copyright year. Accessed [date].

Nieman LK. Measurement of cortisol in serum and saliva. UpToDate; 2018.  Accessed July 12, 2018.



Cite the original source. Use the bibliography tool located at the bottom of each section to find the citation information. STAT!Ref ebooks do not include page numbers, so exclude the page numbers after the year.  

Example for a chapter from The 5-Minute Clinical Consult:

Domino FJ, Golding J, Stephens MB, et al., eds. What is evidence-based medicine? In: The 5-Minute Clinical Consult. 27th ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Health; 2019. Accessed February 1, 2019.!! 


Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) is cited like a journal article. For CDSR issues, the year is both the published date and the volume number. Instead of repeating the year in the citation, leave out the year as the published date but retain it as the volume number. In addition, the CDSR recommends giving the article number in place of the page numbers. 

Author InIn, Author InIn. Title of review. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. YEAR(Issue#):CD00XXX. Accessed [date]. doi:10.XXXX/XXXXXXXX.CD00XXXX.pubX.  

Cooney GM, Dwan K, Greig CA, et al. Exercise for depression. Cochrane Database of Syst Rev. 2013(9):CD004366. Accessed November 6, 2018. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD004366.pub6 



IBM Micromedex states that "when referencing a Micromedex product or database, you must include: (electronic version), IBM Watson Health information, URL address ( and the date accessed." 

Drug name. Micromedex (electronic version). IBM Watson Health; 2019. Accessed [date]. 

Amoxicillin. Micromedex (electronic version). IBM Watson Health; 2019. Accessed January 15, 2019.



Drug name. Lexicomp. Wolters Kluwer Health; 2019. Accessed [date]. 

Amoxicillin. Lexicomp. Wolters Kluwer Health; 2019. Accessed January 15, 2019.