Explicit instructions for paper format are not given in the AMA manual because publishers provide specific requirements for submitted manuscripts.
These research paper format recommendations are based on the manual content, but the library staff recommend that you follow any specific formatting instructions provided by your instructor.
Note: Your professor may have specific or additional requirements not listed in this guide.
Each table is assigned a number based on the order it is used in the article. Following the table number (and just above the table itself) should be a clear but concise title. All elements in the table are in sentence case.
Footnotes are listed at the bottom of the table, each on its own line. However, to save space, tables with more than a few footnotes can use 2 columns for the footnotes.
For more information on formatting and when to use tables, see the Tables Components section of the AMA Manual online.
Similar to tables, each figure is assigned a number based on the order it is used in the article. Types of figures include, but are not limited to, graphs, charts, maps, drawings, and photographs. Some figures use symbols to represent data, and those figures use legends embedded in the graphic to explain those symbols.
Following the figure number (and just above the figure itself) should be a clear but concise title. All elements in the table are in sentence case.
For more examples and guidelines for how and when to use figures in a paper, see the Figures section of the AMA Manual online.
Appendices are not regularly used in AMA. AMA formatting prefers that the information, if relevant to the article, be included in the body of the article as a table or figure. If the appendix is important, AMA favors publishing them online as online only, supplemental materials.
The AMA Manual of Style does note that an appendix may be used "on rare occasions...for data that cannot easily be represented as a table or figure and are too central to the article to be deposited elsewhere". The appendix is included at the end of the paper but before the references. Sources for any materials in an appendix are then included in the reference list.
When an appendix is included in an article, it is cited in the text like a table or figure.
Example: This kitchen is rated a 5 on the Hazard Scale (Appendix 1).
Format an appendix the same way you would start a reference list, with "Appendix" at the top left of a new page. If there is more than one appendix, start each on a new page. Appendices are numbered and organized by the order they are referred to in the body of the article.